Crown lengthening is a surgical process that involves removing gum tissues, bone, or both to expose more of a tooth. It is done for therapeutic and sometimes cosmetic reasons. One of the major reasons to perform this process is when crowns are not being fitted properly because of the smaller size of a tooth. Crowns are tooth-shaped caps that fit over a natural tooth for aesthetic or structural reasons and are recommended when someone has cracked or broken teeth. Properly fitted crowns allow for better oral hygiene and comfort. So, if they do not fit properly then gum tissues or bones are shaved down to expose more teeth. This process is also done when someone has a gummy smile.
The benefits of crown lengthening
Crown lengthening not just helps in oral treatment but also makes your smile beautiful. The following are the benefits of going through crown lengthening.
Restore your beautiful smile
Reduce risks of tooth decay
Help to fix crowns properly
Prevent tooth loss
Improve overall oral hygiene
Quick treatment. It may take just 30 minutes
Prevent periodontal diseases
No touch-ups required
If you have visited, your dentist for crown lengthening then the following may happen there.
The dentist will thoroughly examine your mouth and discuss your dental history with you
If needed, he will ask you for a dental x-ray, and after assessing the whole situation, he will recommend you the treatment
When the dentist finds that crown lengthening is necessary, he will then refer you to a periodontist
Based on the dentist recommendations, your dental history, and x-ray, the periodontist will determine the suitable treatment from three crown lengthening ways a gingivectomy, surgical extrusion, and apically repositioned flap surgery
Once the treatment option is decided, he will put temporary crowns in your teeth and will get you into anaesthesia
After that, the periodontist cuts the gums to pull them away from the teeth, exposing the roots and bone. In some case, only the gum tissues are removed
The surgical area is washed with salt water before suturing
This is a quick process and will hardly take 30-60 minutes
What to expect after crown lengthening?
Once the surgical process is complete, and anaesthesia wears off, you will have some discomfort. Your periodontist may prescribe a pain reliever. You may experience some of the following after-effects from the procedure:
Mild bleeding, soreness, swelling, and discomfort
Teeth may be sensitive to hot and cold temperature
The tooth looks longer than the neighbouring teeth
If the bone was removed then you will feel your tooth is losing
Full recovery will take 2-3 months
Normal functions can be resumed once the gums heal
Avoid strenuous activity for the first two to three days
Take prescribed medication
Avoid hot foods for the first 24 hours after the treatment
Take soft diets
Avoid taking alcohol, and smoking
Avoid playing the surgical area with your tongue
Visit your dentist regularly
How much does crown lengthening cost?
The cost of crown lengthening varies from patient to patient and depends on the treatment option. However, on average, crown lengthening costs range between £1,000 to £4,000. If going through this treatment can prevent your teeth from further damage, and restore your smile then the cost is not too much.
If you have a gummy smile, short-looking teeth, or ill-fitting crowns book an appointment with your periodontist for crown lengthening.