A gingivectomy is a dental procedure in which a dentist or dental surgeon cuts off some of the gums in your mouth. It is the oldest surgical approach in periodontal therapy and is usually used to improve aesthetics or improve the prognosis of teeth. It is necessary to perform when the gums have detached from the teeth, forming deep pockets. These pockets make it difficult to remove plaque. A gingivectomy is usually performed before gum diseases damage the bone that supports your teeth. It is also used to remove excess gum tissue for cosmetic purposes such as transforming your smile and to treat conditions like gingivitis. So, if you have gum recession because of ageing, gum diseases, bacterial infections, or gum injury, then visit your dentist for a gingivectomy.
The benefits of having a gingivectomy
A gingivectomy not just prevents severe tooth infections but also makes your smile even and beautiful. The following are the benefits of a gingivectomy.
Remove the diseased tissues
Reduce the pocket depth
Control the gum diseases
Prevent severe tooth infections
Improve overall oral health
Help save teeth and bone
Help to maintain strong oral hygiene
Restore your smile
Treat gum recession
Boost your confidence
What to expect before and during a gingivectomy?
A gingivectomy procedure takes 30-60 minutes, depending on how many gum tissues your dentist removes. When you visit your dentist, the following is expected.
The dentist will examine your mouth, gums, and teeth thoroughly. Then he will discuss your dental history whether you have gone through any dental treatment earlier or not.
After that, when he determines that you need a gingivectomy procedure, then he will refer you to a periodontist.
The periodontist will first clean your teeth by removing plaque and tartar using the scaling and root planning procedure.
Before, the surgical process, local anaesthesia will be applied to numb the area.
A probe will be used to determine the depth of pockets to guide where incisions will be required.
The periodontist will remove only the gum tissue necessary to repair the pocket incision at a 45-degree angle to the tooth to ensure that he only takes the tissue that is affected. This incision is “apical”.
During the procedure, your dentist will likely hold a suction instrument in your mouth to remove excess saliva.
After the tissues are removed, the periodontist will most likely use a laser instrument to vaporize the remaining tissues and reshape the gum line
Once the procedure is completed, a surgical dressing will be placed on the gum tissues
Then you will be discharged to go home while giving you proper instructions for dental care
What to expect after a gingivectomy?
Because gingivectomy is a surgical process so you will feel discomfort and bruising after the treatment. The following may happen after the gingivectomy.
You will experience mild bleeding, swelling, soreness, and pain for few days
Use ice packs to reduce the swelling for the first two days
For about 48 hours after the surgery, you will notice your saliva is pink
Avoid hot foods and rinsing your mouth for a couple of days
Take a soft diet like soup, pasta, scrambled eggs, mashed potatoes, yoghurt, etc
Avoid chewy and sticky food items
Take prescribed medication regularly
Do not touch the treated area with your tongue, or finger
Avoid taking alcohol and smoking for few days
For the first 24 hours, avoid brushing your teeth
Maintain a strong oral hygiene
Visit your dentist regularly
How much does a gingivectomy cost?
The cost of a gingivectomy ranges between £250 and £500 per tooth. However, if insurance involves then the cost will be much lesser. It is not an expensive treatment if you get healthy teeth and a beautiful dazzling smile.
If your gums expose more while smiling, or gums tear away, then book an appointment with your dentist for a gingivectomy process.