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What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease that causes gums inflammation, redness, irritation, swelling, and even mild bleeding around the base of your teeth. Gingivitis occurs when plaque builds up on teeth and causes the inflammation of the surrounding gums tissues because of the bacteria it contains. If ignored the harmful plaque bacteria can further lead to severe issues i.e periodontitis and resultantly loss of the tooth. The common cause of this disease is poor oral hygiene. Always make sure that you are taking proper care of your gums because a healthy mouth starts here. If you experience continuous bleeding and inflammation then visit your dentist for gingivitis treatment.

The symptoms of gingivitis

Usually, gingivitis does not cause any pain that’s why it is easily ignored and many people don’t know that they have gingivitis. However, it is a very common disease and most people have it. According to the British Society of Periodontology, gingivitis is common with gingival bleeding affecting 55% of adults. The following are the major symptoms of gingivitis.

  • Bright red, purple, or swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums when you brush or floss
  • Bad Breath
  • Tender gums
  • Inflammation
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Sore gums and irritation

If you experience the above-mentioned symptoms don’t ignore them and book an appointment with your dentist for gingivitis treatment.

The different types of gingivitis

There are various specific types of gingivitis:

  1. Marginal Gingivitis:  This is the most common type of gingivitis and is caused by general plaque bacteria not being removed from around the gums.
  2. Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG): This type of gingivitis can be caused by stress and a specific bacteria. Stress reduces the immunity in the body and eventually, it can’t fight infections. A patient who suffers from Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis experiences fever, enlargement of the glands, severe mouth pain, excessive saliva, irregular body odour, and general unwell feeling.
  3. Actinomycotic Gingivitis: This type of gingivitis is very rare. However, it presents with redness, inflammation, and pain. If you don’t respond to the regular gingivitis bacteria spread from one part to other parts through tissues. Eventually, it can lead to more serious infections i.e tooth loss.
  4. Pregnancy Gingivitis: This gingivitis is a hyperplastic reaction to plaque that affects women especially those who are pregnant. Causes of this disease are elevated estrogen and progesterone hormone levels. In this condition, blood vessels are enlarged, and resultantly respond to bacteria is permitted and exaggerated. This type of gingivitis causes red, tender, and swollen gums.
  5. Diabetic Gingivitis: This is the most common type of gingivitis that has been seen in patients. In England, 6% of people are having diabetes hence gingivitis is also common. It is characterized by high sugar levels in the blood and urine, great thirst, itching, and weight loss. The patient who suffers from Diabetic Gingivitis experiences dry mouth, burning tongue, and persistent gingivitis.

What to expect before and during gingivitis treatment?

If you experience bleeding while brushing, pain while touching your gum line, or redness then visit your dentist without any delay. You can expect the following things there.

  1. The dentist will review your dental history whether you have suffered from any dental disease earlier or not
  2. Your teeth will be examined carefully with the Probe for the signs of plaque and inflammation. Also, he will measure the depth of pockets
  3. The dentist may ask you for an X-ray if he finds some complications
  4. After performing some other tests the dentist will discuss your options to manage your gingivitis treatment
  5. During the treatment, the hygienist or dentist will perform the dental cleaning to remove plaque, tartar, and bacterial product. This process is known as scaling and root planing.

What to expect after gingivitis treatment?

Once your treatment has been done then maintain good oral hygiene and take proper care of your teeth. The following you should do after the gingivitis treatment.

  1. Avoid smoking and chewing tobacco
  2. Avoid taking alcohol at least 48 hours after the treatment
  3. Brush your teeth twice a day. If possible, brush after every meal
  4. Floss daily
  5. Use a natural especially anti-gingivitis mouthwash
  6. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles and replace it every three months
  7. Use minimum sugar
  8. Visit your dentist regularly

How much does gingivitis treatment cost?

Gingivitis treatment cost depends on the severity of the disease. Generally, it ranges between £54 to £350.  If you have dental insurance then the cost may reduce further.

Many people don’t know they have gingivitis because often it is not painful. However, if you ignore it may leave a long-lasting impact on your oral health as well as general wellbeing. Therefore, if you find any symptoms of gingivitis, book your appointment with the dentist.

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