If you have noticed that your teeth are being exposed more from their base it is called gum recession and it can be extremely harmful to your oral health. If ignored and untreated, it may lead to severe damage to the supporting tissue and bone structure of the teeth and eventually lead to tooth loss. Poor oral hygiene is a common cause of gum recession but there are many other underlying factors. If you have noticed some gum recession anywhere it is important to have this looked at by a professional.
The benefits of gum recession treatment
Gum recession is easily ignorable at the initial stage but it can leave long-lasting impacts on your health. If you tackle it at the very beginning then you can prevent potentially serious complications. The following are the benefits of gum recession treatment.
Reattach and restore gum tissues
Prevent serious infections
Prevent bacterial attack on exposed tooth base
Relief from discomfort as well as bleeding
Prevent inflammation and painful brushing
Prevent tooth loss
Better overall general health
What causes gum recession?
Most people don’t know that they have gum recession and there are several underlying causes. The only sign that is commonly noticed at the initial stage is tooth sensitivity and later the larger size of teeth. The following are the causes of gum recession:
Periodontal diseases: One of the main causes of gum recession is periodontal disease (gum disease). Periodontal or gum disease destroy the gum tissues and supporting bone that holds your teeth in place. The gum that is attached to the bone recedes away and expose the base of your teeth.
Aggressive and forceful brushing: If you use a toothbrush with hard bristles and then brush your teeth too hard or the wrong way, the enamel on your teeth may wear away. Eventually, it will cause gum recession a dentist or hygienist can advise you on the best brushing techniques.
Poor dental hygiene: Though gum recession can happen in those who maintain good oral health this is not common. With inadequate flossing, brushing, and rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash, plaque builds up on the teeth and can easily turn into tartar. The tartar then leads to gum recession.
Clenching and grinding teeth: Some people may have a habit of grinding their teeth together. This act put immense pressure on gums that can cause to recede them. Lip and tongue piercing can also be the causes of gum recession as jewellery items continuously rub gums and make them worn away.
Hormonal changes: When women experience a change in their hormone level during their lifetimes such as puberty and pregnancy, their gums become more sensitive and vulnerable to recession.
Use of tobacco: Those who use tobacco products are more likely to have a sticky plaque which leads gums to recede.
What to expect before and during gum recession treatment?
If you experience tooth sensitivity or feel your teeth have become larger then visit your dentist. You can expect the following when you book an appointment with your dentist.
The dentist will examine your mouth thoroughly and will ask your dental history whether you have gone through any dental treatments earlier or not.
If they find that there is mild gum recession then they will advise treating it by deep cleaning the affected area by following a process known as scaling and root planing.
In some cases, it may be determined that there is a need for surgery because of bone loss and deep pockets and you may be referred to a periodontist ( a specialist in gum surgery).
The periodontist, after examining your mouth and depending on the oral condition, will discuss and perform a surgical procedure i.e open flap scaling and root planing, regeneration, and soft tissue graft.
A local anaesthetic will be injected before surgery to make it painless.
What to expect after gum recession treatment?
Once the gum recession treatment is done, it will need a couple of weeks for a full recovery. You should expect the following:
Swelling, soreness, discomfort, and mild bleeding for a couple of days
Avoid brushing and flossing for at least a week
Don’t eat on the affected side of the mouth for at least two weeks
Avoid eating hard, crunchy, chewy, and irritating foods
Have a soft diet
Take any prescribed medicine regularly
Visit your dentist regularly
Once the healing is complete, brush and floss regularly, and maintain good oral hygiene.
How much does gum recession treatment cost?
The cost of gum recession treatment depends on the nature of the treatment. If you have mild gum recession and have a deep cleaning treatment then the fees are approximately £125. If your situation is more complex, and surgery is needed then the fees do vary. Generally, the cost of gum recession treatment ranges between £350 to £1000.
Gum recession, if left untreated, can lead to some serious complications such as tooth loss. If you notice any sign of receding gums, book an appointment with one of our experienced dentists immediately.